Adult Acne: A Dermatologist’s Complete Guide

Most of us grow up believing a few common beauty myths, such as sleeping on wet hair can give you a cold, shaving will help your hair grow back thicker, and acne exclusively affects teenagers. Adult acne is relatively common, despite its inconvenient nature.

Types of Adult Acne

  • Papules are little red pimples on the skin.
  • Pustules are pus-filled red lumps that resemble papules.
  • Nodules are similar to papules; this kind of adult acne appears as red lumps. They are, nevertheless, greater in size.
  • Tender, under-the-skin lumps are called cysts.
    Blackheads are a kind of non-inflammatory adult acne that usually appear near the T-zone.
  • Whiteheads, like blackheads, are non-inflammatory and most typically appear near the T-zone.

Causes and Prevention of Adult Acne

Stress: The hormone androgens are produced in greater amounts as a result of stress and lack of sleep, encouraging our sebaceous glands to make more oil. This is why individuals who are experiencing an increase in acne get more inflamed, pus-filled pustules than typical whiteheads or blackheads during stressful times.

Hormones: Changing or stopping birth control might throw off one’s hormonal balance, resulting in breakouts. Hormonal variations just before and during a young woman’s menstruation might trigger sebaceous glands to generate extra oil, resulting in monthly outbreaks.

Diet: Acne outbreaks have been related to foods having a high glycemic index.  These are foods with a high sugar content, which are considered to cause skin irritation. The same is true with cow’s milk, particularly skim milk.


Dietary Changes

 Adult Acne

Experts advise cutting down on fried and sugary processed meals since they cause prolonged insulin surges, which can contribute to hormonal acne. If you have cystic acne, avoiding dairy may be beneficial. Because most dairy cows are given growth hormones, milk, cheese, and yoghurt consumption become factors that influence endogenous hormones and mimic hormones that stimulate oil production in the skin to start the acne process. Do a two-week experiment in which you avoid all dairy products to see if this is the cause of your cystic breakouts.

Vitamin Intake

 Adult Acne

Are you looking for a remedy that will assist with many acne causes? Taking vitamin B6 is a simple cure that can help with nutrition, hormones, and stress all at once. By boosting metabolic function and hormone metabolism, this vitamin may help alleviate PMS symptoms. This, in turn, may aid in the management of those unwelcome hormonal outbreaks. Vitamin B6 can also boost the body’s capacity to cope with stress by assisting in the production of neurotransmitters such as serotonin. As a result, you may expect the supplement to address more than one acne-causing factor.

Birth Control

If B6 isn’t enough to assist with your hormones, you might want to change up your birth control practice, whether it’s moving to a different type or starting for the first time. Certain birth control tablets can help you control your hormone levels, and hence hormonal breakouts. Talk to your doctor about trying other types of birth control tablets.  Many have discovered that making a change can have a positive impact on acne and hormonal outbreaks.  Remember that, while this approach can be successful, your body will need time to acclimatize to the new birth control.

Topical Products

 Adult Acne

While what you do on the inside matters, how you manage acne on the outside is equally crucial. Topical skin care treatments can help with this. Because you never know where your next pimple may appear, it’s crucial to treat your entire face. Rather than waiting for your next breakout to appear, start a skin care program that can help you avoid pimples in the future.

Salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are two key acne-fighting chemicals. To keep pores clear, use a salicylic acid cleanser to eliminate excess oil and dead cells from your skin’s surface. To reduce dehydration and irritation, use a sulfate-free cleanser.  Acne-causing bacteria are killed by benzoyl peroxide. If this component is too irritating to apply all over your face, save it for spot treatments only.  But don’t make the mistake of using too many acne treatments. It’s critical, especially in your twenties, to apply cosmetics that are specific to your skin type.

Prescription Treatments

Sometimes, no matter how effective, the therapies available in the drugstore or department store are insufficient. If your acne isn’t going away anytime soon, and you can’t figure out what’s causing it on your own, it’s time to consult a dermatologist. Depending on the type of acne you have, they may prescribe retinoids, antibiotics, azelaic acid, or birth control pills. They may even suggest laser treatments, which are both costly and effective. However, keeping note of your breakouts, food, and other things that may be impacting acne is a smart idea so you can share this information with your dermatologist and offer them a better understanding of your unique condition.

Light Therapy

 Adult Acne

Experts recommend attempting an at-home light therapy treatment for acne if you’re interested in testing the latest and greatest in skincare technology. It treats the entire face and is non-irritating, a light treatment mask is beneficial. Thousands of pipes link oil glands to the surface of the skin on the face. Mix light with standard acne treatments for a more effective method.

Reduce Your Stress

This is crucial not only for preventing breakouts but also for everyday living. We have noted that taking supplements, such as vitamin B6, can assist with stress, but you can also make tiny lifestyle adjustments. Look for stress-relieving hobbies and behaviours. Do whatever keeps you calm and collected, whether it’s yoga, guided meditation, breathing exercises, a stroll, or simply carving out some time for yourself.


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